Public Policies and Types of Public Policies


A Public Policy is a goal oriented course of action adopted and implemented by government bodies and officials in pursuit of certain objectives or goals of public interest.

Breaking down ‘Public Policy’

  • Goal Oriented
  • Decision-making process
  • Government’s collective action
  • Address public concerns

Stages in Public Policy Process

  • Policy Formation
  • policy Education
  • Policy Implementation
  • Policy Monitoring
  • policy Impact

Types of Public Policies

There are different types of Public Policies, some of them are as follows,

01. Substantive Policies

The Substantive Policies are concerned with the general welfare and development of the society. The programmes like provision of education, employment opportunities, anti-pollution legislation, economic stabilization, law and order enforcement, etc.

02. Regulatory Policies

Regulatory policies are concerned with the regulation of trade, business, safety measures, public utilities, etc. This type of regulation is done by independent organizations that work on behalf of the government.

03. Distributive Policies

Distributive Policies are policies which are concerned about the public welfare, grand of goods, medical and healthcare services for a certain section of a society who are relatively poor and working-class people.

04. Redistributive Policies

Redistributive Policies are related to the rearrangement of policies which are concerned with bringing about basic social and economic changes in the country.

05. Capitalization Policies

Under the capitalization policies, financial subsidies are given by the union government to the state and local government bodies for infrastructure development and developmental purposes.


Types and Causes of Inflation

public private partnership

Public-Private Partnership (PPP)