Scope of Human Resource Management (HRM)


Edwin.D.Flippo defined ‘Human Resource Management is the planning, organizing, directing, controlling of procurement, development, compensation, integration, maintenance, and reproduction of human resources to the end individual, organizational and social objectives are accomplished’.


The scope of Human Resource Management is spread among three main aspects, they are as follows.

  • Personnel Aspects
  • Welfare Aspects
  • Industrial Relations Aspects

01. Personnel Aspects

The personnel aspects of the HRM is concerned about the human resources of the organization and different requirements and activities related to the people of the organization. They are as follows,

  • Man Power Planning
  • Recruitment
  • Selection
  • Placement
  • Training and Development
  • Layoff decisions
  • Retrenchment
  • Productivity
  • Performance Appraisal
  • Rewards Management, etc.

02. Welfare Aspects

The Welfare Aspects of the HRM is concerned with the welfare and necessity activities of the employees and sometimes also for the family members of the employees. They are as follows,

  • Better working conditions
  • Housing Facilities
  • Transportation Facilities
  • Restrooms, Lunchrooms, canteens
  • Toilets and bathrooms
  • Educational Facilities
  • Recreational Facilities, etc.

03. Industrial Relations Aspects

The industrial relations aspects of the HRM is concerned with the maintenance of good relations with all the departments of the organization and also with the employee unions, etc.

  • Union and Management relations
  • Collective Bargaining
  • Disciplinary procedures
  • Settlement of industrial disputes
  • Joint consultation body
  • Grievance handling procedures, etc
Micro Enterprises and Their Objectives

Micro Enterprises and Their Objectives

significance of human resource management (HRM)

Significance of Human Resource Management (HRM)